Introducing HE. Prof. Arthur Peter Mutharika the 5th President Of the republic of Malawi 2014-2024
Professor Arthur Peter Mutharika is the current President of the Republic of Malawi. He was re-elected as President on 21st May 2019 and sworn in for a second term of five years on 28th May 2019. Today, 31st May 2019, is his inauguration as the fifth President of Malawi.
He was born on 18th July 1940 to Mr. Ryon and Mrs. Ellen Thom Mutharika at Chisoka village, TA Chimaliro, in Thyolo. Professor Mutharika went to different primary schools including Mulanje Mission and Ntambanyama in Thyolo before proceeding to Dedza Secondary School where he met other notable Malawians such as Late Tom Chakufwa Chihana, Goodall Gondwe, Brown Chimphamba and Robson Chirwa.
Professor Mutharika's conduct was inspired by his parents, who instilled in him the spirit of hard work, honesty and integrity.
He is a member of the Presbyterian Church and is happily married to former Parliamentarian for Balaka, Her Excellency Professor Gertrude Hendrina Mutharika.
Professor Mutharika is a 1965 law graduate of the University of London. He then proceeded to receive an LLM from Yale University in 1966. Three years later, in 1969, he earned a JSD (PhD) degree from the same university becoming one of the first and youngest Africans to receive a doctorate at the age of 29.
Fondly known as APM, being initials of his name, Arthur Peter Mutharika is:
- The first African to receive the most prestigious Charles Nagel Professorship of International and Comparative Law (2009)
- A Chaired Professor specializing in International Economic Law, International Law and Comparative Constitutional Law
Professor Mutharika has taught at:
- The Rutgers University (USA)
- The United Nations Institute for Training and Research Program for Foreign Service Officers from Africa and Asia at Makerere University in Uganda
- The Washington University (USA)
- The University of Dar-es-Salaam in Tanzania
- The Haile Selassie University (now Addis Ababa University) in Ethiopia
- The Council of Foreign Relations of the United States of America
- The Royal Institute of International Affairs in the United Kingdom
The professor also served as:
- Academic Visitor at the London School of Economics (UK),
- Advisor to the American Bar Association's Rule of Law Initiative for Africa, Chairperson of the Institute for Democracy and Policy Studies,
- Member of the Conciliation and Arbitration Tribunals of the International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes of the World Bank
Professor Mutharika has earned the following awards:
- International Jurist Award;
- The African Leadership award and Medal of Honor by the African Leadership group of London for exceptional leadership and impacting lives positively
- Induction into the Hall of Fame which represents the highest seal of approval, confidence and commendation from the board of the African Leadership Magazine Group
- Certificate of Honour of Citation from the Caucus of the State of Georgia, House of Representatives, USA;
- Honorary Doctorate Degree of Human Letters (Honoris Causa) by the University of Addis Ababa – Ethiopia, and for selfless leadership on the continent and in Malawi.
- Honorary Professorship from the University of International Business and Economics in Beijing, China for taking the economy of Malawi to recovery and budgetary support with direct budgetary support from donors
- Doctorate of Human Letters from the Washington University in the United States of America for exceptional global leadership
As a seasoned academic, Professor Mutharika has numerous publications to his credit. Among his selected publications are:
- i. Mutharika, A. P., Foreign Investment Security in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Emerging Policy and Legal Frameworks (book)
- ii. Mutharika, A. P. (2003). "Accountability for Political Abuses in Pre-Democratic Malawi: The Primacy of Truth." Third World Legal Studies.16: 203- 218.
- iii. Mutharika, A.P. (1980). "The Regulation of Statelessness Under International and National Law: Statelessness, refugees, and related nationality problems." Volume 2, Oceana Publications
- iv. Mutharika, A. P. (1997). "Creating an Attractive Investment Climate in the Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) Region". 12 Foreign Investment Law Journal, 1.
- v. Peter Mutharika, A.P. (1996). "The 1995 Democratic Constitution of Malawi." Journal of African Law, 40 (2), 205-220.
- vi. Peter Mutharika (1996). "The Role of the United Nations Security Council in African Peace Management: Some Proposals". Michigan Journal of International Law, 537
- vii. Peter Mutharika (2003). "Accountability for Political Abuses in Pre Democratic Malawi: The Primacy of Truth." Volume 16 Into the 21st Century: Reconstruction and Reparations in International Law. Third World Legal Studies
- viii. Peter Mutharika, A.P. (1998). "Some Thoughts on Rebuilding African State Capability." Washington State University Law Review. 76 (1): 281-291.
- ix. Mutharika, A.P. (1995). "The Role of International Law in the Twenty-First Century: An African Perspective." 18 Fordham International Law Journal, 1706
- x. Mutharika, A.P. (2001). "The Alien under American Law." Washington State University Law
- xi. Mutharika, A.P. (1978). "International law of development." Oceana Publications
- xii. Mutharika, A.P. (2003). "Approaches to Restorative Justice in Malawi", 13th Commonwealth Law Conference, Melbourne, Australia.
- xiii. Mutharika, A.P. (2002). "Legal System of Malawi", 3 Legal Systems of the World 949
- xiv. Mutharika, A.P. (1998). "Some Thoughts on Rebuilding African State Capability," 76 Washington University Law Quarterly 281
Professor Arthur Peter Mutharika began his political career in the 1960s when he fought the repressive dictatorship of violence perpetrated the Malawi Congress Party. As a freedom fighter he offered free legal services to Socialist League of Malawi (LESOMA) led by Atati Mpakati and Malawi Freedom Movement (MAFREM), led by Orton Chirwa.
He was the lead person in framing the party constitutions. Not surprisingly, Professor Mutharika was a good and valuable friend of Chakufwa Chihana, Jomo Chikwakwa, Henry Masauko Chipembere and Atati Mpakati.
He left Tanzania for the USA following the death of Masauko Chipemphere and Atati Mpakati, as well as the arrest of Orton Chirwa in late 1981.
Professor Mutharika served as a key resource person at the Malawi Constitutional Conference in February, 1995 at the invitation of the ConstitutionMMaCommittee of Malawi. Prior to this, he served as General Counsel of the Malawi Action Committee, the main Malawi external pressure group during the struggle for democratization in Malawi.
Professor Mutharika retired from active academic life at the Washington University School of Law on 1 July, 2011 to concentrate on politics back in Malawi.
He served as an adviser to his elder brother, Late President Ngwazi Professor Bingu wa Mutharika, on foreign and domestic policy from 2004 until the President's death on 5th April 2012.
Following Bingu's death of his beloved brother, Professor Mutharika assumed the position of interim President of the Democratic Progressive Party until 18th April, 2013 when he was duly elected as the DPP President and Presidential candidate for the May 2014 Tripartite Elections.
He was declared by the Malawi Electoral Commission as Malawi’s fifth President since independence, and the fourth since attainment of democracy in Malawi.
Enroute to becoming President, Professor Mutharika served in the following positions:
- Member for Parliament for Thyolo East (2009 -2014)
- Minister of Education, Science and Technology
- Minister of Justice and Constitutional Affairs
- Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation
As the Minister of Education, he was instrumental in the conceptualization and implementation of the establishment of 6 public universities, 2 of which; Lilongwe University of Agriculture and Natural Resources and the Malawi University of Science and Technology are now operational. A new and a third University, at Mombera, Mzimba is under construction.
In his first term (2014 -2019) President Mutharika achieved, among others, the following:
- Led Malawi to economic recovery and growth without budgetary support.
- The lowest single-digit inflation in 27 years
- Local currency stability,
- The highest foreign currency reserves in the history of the country
- Food security
- Robust foreign direct investment program which is fast expanding the private sector and creating jobs.
- Youth empowerment
- Skills development
- National Identification cards for the first time in the history of Malawi
- Unprecedented infrastructural development
In that term of office, Mutharika has been entrusted with international leadership as Champion for:
- African Development Bank Youth Programme
- Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS)
- Higher Education in Africa
- HeForShe Global Impact
- UNFPA Youth Programme
- Global Education Partnership
- Co-convenor of the Global Commission on Education Financing
Ladies and gentlemen, presenting to you the President of the Republic of Malawi from May 2019 to May 2024, Professor Arthur Peter Mutharika.